Murdered Behind the Wheel

An Escalating Crisis for App Drivers

May 2023

At least 31 app-based workers, primarily people of color, were murdered while working in 2022.

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A joint report with Gig Workers Rising and the Action Center on Race and the Economy.

Despite their self-proclaimed role as “disrupters” of modern industries, app corporations like Uber, Lyft, and DoorDash merely perpetuate an age-old, shameful American business tradition: chasing profit by paying dangerously low wages, denying people meaningful voice in their working conditions, and shirking their responsibility for the safety of the working people they depend upon—drivers who are primarily people of color and immigrants.

This research shows that the safety crisis app workers face may be escalating. A review of press reports, police reports, and court records reveals that in 2022 alone, at least 31 app-based workers, primarily people of color, were murdered while working.

Our research found a noticeably racialized dimension to extreme violence workers face. In 2022, 77% of murdered app workers identified by the report authors were people of color, and 26% were immigrants. 

The app work sector has some of the highest instances of murder compared to other sectors. When we compare the number of murdered app workers we identified to the number of homicides reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), it appears that the app-based work sector would be among the top five sectors where workers are murdered on the job if the BLS were to track homicides in this sector.

Of the workers we identified as murdered on the job, Uber had more workers killed on the job than any other app corporation last year. In 2022, 39% of workers murdered at work that we identified were driving or delivering for Uber.

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